Bologna City Council, Emilia-Romagna Region, Bologna Province, RFI, FER and TPER are creating a public transport infrastructural system efficiently connecting both the various areas inside the city and the city with the surrounding metropolitan area, for the purpose of decreasing traffic and pollution. The new system intends specifically to integrate the railway network with the existing trolley bus network, through actions for completion and expansion of both.
In October 2012 Cipe (the Interministerial Committee for Economic Planning) authorized the redirection of funds to create the Bologna integrated public metropolitan transport service for a total of 237 million euros.

Trolley bus network
Existing trolley bus lines are now 13, 14 and 32-33. The project aims to increase them allowing trolley buses to run along the line 12 Corticella – Byron (part of the present line 27); the line 25; the line 19 east direction towards Pilastro (part of the present line 20) and ovest direction towards Casteldebole and the line 15 Casalecchio (part of the present line 20).

The actions plan to extend the trolley bus network (taking it to about 125 km) in the north and west directions in the city and to connect it with the railway stops in the territory. 55 new trolley buses will also be purchased to replace the older ones running on diesel. The new trolley bus network will be accompanied by actions to renew the roads involved, to make them safer and more usable for pedestrians and public transport:
> improving some street stretches remaking the paving and/or reorganizing spaces for circulation;
> creating bus stop platforms that make it more convenient to wait and easier to get on and off, without architectural barriers and with shelters and "intelligent" boards giving updated information;
> creating new preferential lanes equipped with remote control instruments;
> extending the system of traffic light preferentiality for public transport.

Metropolitan Railway Service
The Metropolitan Railway Service (SFM) is the public transport service on rail for movement inside Bologna and between Bologna and the provincial territory.
The SFM project arose from the opportunity provided by the new underground central station for high-speed trains, which left the platforms above ground free for metropolitan and regional traffic.
The project has the objective of completing and boosting the SFM and plans to:
> create 22 new train stops in the Province (for a total of 87 stops);
> create 2 new stops in the Bologna area: Prati di Caprara and Zanardi (where accessibility has to be improved);
> update the Fair and San Ruffillo (where accessibility has to be improved) stops;
> complete the Borgo Panigale stop improving accessibility;
> purchase 19 new trains to guarantee the contemplated frequency and capacity of the service.

In addition to the finishing of the complete railway network, the SFM project intends also to make the stations more accessible, safer and more liveable with specific renewal interventions. One of the most important of them is the partial burying of the S2 B Bologna-Portomaggiore track line in the city area.
Once completed, the underground railway network will have:
> 6 lines (4 passing through Bologna Central + 2 others)
> 350 km of line (280 Km in the Bologna province)
> 87 stations (74 of them in the Bologna province)
> 600 routes > 65 bus interchange stations
> more than 7000 parking spaces for cars around extra-urban stations.
When the entire SFM project will be completed, it will be expected to cover over 100.000 daily movements (on a total of 400.000) between Bologna and the metropolitan area and vice versa. Project realized by Ministry of Infrastructures and Transports, Emilia Romagna Region, State Railways Group, Bologna Province, Bologna City Council.

Cycling tracks
In the Bologna metropolitan area there are 690 km of cycling traks, 150 of them in the city area. Of the tracks already existing 42% are situated on city roads, 24% along river banks and 12% on provincial roads. 54% are mixed pedestrian/cycling tracks, 23% are cycle tracks for tourist purposes, and 7% are cycle tracks in reserved lanes.
More and more people choose the bicycle as a means of transport less expensive, faster and also more environment friendly. In the Bologna city area, from 2010 to 2013, there was a 34% increase in cyclists in the city and about 1,900 electric bikes were purchased thanks to special incentives.
To make the bicycle a more and more concrete alternative to the car, at both the city and metropolitan level, work is being done to define cycle mobility plans and to create an integrated and complete system.
The objective is to increase the extension of the cycle tracks and itineraries and the connections between the urban centres and the various suburbs, to overcome discontinuities, to make the tracks more recognizable, to realize new cycle-tourist itineraries, to reduce accidents, to create new "30 zones", to increase the parking areas for bicycles and to enact initiatives, also regarding communication and education for sustainable mobility, that help to increase a real "cycling culture".
One of the first measures is the creation of the "bicycle ring road", a new two-way cycling track of about 8 km that develops along the avenues surrounding the centre of Bologna allowing the paths and routes from the different parts of the city to link to the centre or to directly reach points of interest along the avenues (Station, University, parks, etc.). The works will finish in 2015.